EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ABSOLUTELY DRAINLESS PERCUTANEOUS NEPHROLITHOTRIPSY
F.Yu. Yuldashev1, F.R. Nasirov1, J.Kh. Mirkhamidov1
The presence of drains in the urinary tract, installed in percutaneous nephrolithotripsy, is fraught with a number of complications and causes inconvenience for the patient. Absolutely drainless percutaneous nephrolithotripsy can significantly reduce the incidence of catheter-associated urinary tract infection, reduce the need for analgesics in the postoperative period, and reduce the length of hospital stay and the cost of medical services.
Key words: urolithiasis, endoscopic treatment, complications.
STATE OF IMMUNE REACTIVITY IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS WITH CARCINOSARCOMA WALKER 256 EXPOSED TO GENERAL HYPERTHERMIA
E.A. Vaskina1, O.Zh. Uzakov2, A.V. Efremov1
The paper presents immunity indicators in rats with Walker 256 carcinosarcoma during the development of the tumor process and exposure to general hyperthermia. The data obtained indicate that the effect of general hyperthermia on the body of experimental animals with Walker 256 carcinosarcoma is accompanied by multidirectional changes in the parameters of the immune system both in the direction of their decrease and increase in various periods after hyperthermia. This may be due to the activation of endogenous regulatory systems that determine the body's immune reactivity.
Keywords: Walker 256 carcinosarcoma, humoral and cellular immunity, general hyperthermia.
ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION IN DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 AND THE EXPERIENCE OF USING «ROTAZAR"
R. B. Sultanalieva1, V. G. Knyazeva1, K. B. Jooshbaev2, D. M. Satarova2, N. N. Usubaliev1.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and type 1 angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBS) can slow the progression of nephropathy and provide regression of albuminuria and proteinuria in diabetes mellitus (DM). Effective reduction of blood pressure in patients with DM is no less significant for reducing the risk of complications than careful control of glycemia. Achieving the target blood pressure (BP) is one of the strategies for preventing cardiovascular complications in patients with diabetes.
THE ROLE OF ACTIVATION OF SOLUBLE TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-Α RECEPTORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMORBID PATHOLOGY: CHRONIC HEART FAILURE ASSOCIATED WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES AND OSTEOPOROSIS
Shilov S.N.1, Berezikova E.N.1, Uzakov O.J4., Samsonova E.N.1, Safronov I.D.1, Popova A.A.1, Yakovleva I.V.1, Efremov A.V.2, Schmidt G.2,Teplyakov A.T.3, Grakova E.V.3
Objective. To study the clinical and pathogenetic relationship between the risk of developing heart failure (CHF), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and osteoporosis with the level of activation of soluble tumor necrosis factor-α 1 and type 2 receptors (TNF-α-SR1 and SR2) and osteoprotegerin, as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of bisphosphonate therapy in postmenopausal women.
Quality of life of patients with the lower extremities varicose veins
V. N. Nikolenko1,2, I. A. Vinokurov1, S. N. Odinokova1, G. V. Mnatsakanyan1, R. Kh. Belkharoeva1
Introduction. The wide prevalence of the lower extremities varicose veins and the variety of methods for its surgical correction, necessitate a comparative assessment of the quality of life of patients after various methods of surgical treatment.
The aim is to assess the quality of life of patients with the lower extremities varicose veins, depending on the surgical treatment method.
Chemical pleurodesis using betadine and glucose in the treatment of patients with transudative pleural effusion in case of chronic kidney disease
A.A. Egay1, 2, B. Kh. Bebezov¹, A.T. Kazakbaev¹, A.E. Tentimishev², A.M. Feigin3
Transudative pleural effusion (PE) is most often encountered in patients with congestive heart failure, hepatic and renal failure, and especially in their terminal stages, as an indicator of the decompensation of the patient's condition. Chemical pleurodesis (CP) has been successfully used for several decades in patients with malignant PE, both with primary lesion of the pleura, and with its secondary lesion. The choice of an agent for pleurodesis should be based on its effectiveness, safety and availability. Despite the extensive study of this issue, the search for the ideal pleurosclerosant is still underway.
INFLUENCE OF GREEN TOBACCO ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND LOCAL PROTECTIVE MECHANISMS
Belov G.V.1,2, Zakirova T.A.1, Talantbekova N. T.2
Introduction. In the tobacco-growing farms of Kyrgyzstan, work with green leaves and dried tobacco raw materials is mostly done on home plots by women of reproductive age. Children of middle and high schools are attracted to the production. Preschoolers and junior schoolchildren are for a long time with mothers employed in production.