Eurasian Medical Journal

International Higher School of Medicine

ISSN 1694-8254

MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE SOMATOTYPE OF FOREIGN AND LOCAL STUDENTS

Nurgul K. Omuralieva1, Aigul A. Chonkoeva1

Abstract
Introduction. It is well known that one of the main criteria of health is the adaptive capacity of the body and physical development. The geoclimatic distribution of various populations in the usual living conditions leaves certain imprints on cultural traits, morphological and physiological characteristics of the organism's vital activity. 


GLAUCOMA AS A SOCIALLY SIGNIFICANT EYE DISEASE AMONG ADULTS AND CHILDREN UNDER 14

Omorova G.K.

Abstract
Introduction. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of irreversible vision loss, so it is one of the pressing problems of modern healthcare. According to WHO, glaucoma accounts for up to 5% of all ocular pathology. By 2020, the number of patients will increase to 5.9 million and 5.3 million will lose vision due to primary glaucoma. Among the causes of primary disability, glaucoma has remained stable at a fairly high level for many years, amounting to 20-28%. 


COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FREQUENCY AND LEVEL OF ANXIETY DISORDERS AMONG RESPONDENTS LIVING IN KYRGYZSTAN AND KAZAKHSTAN DURING THE COVID -19 PANDEMIC

O. Zh. Uzakov, S.Yu. Komissarova, A.T. Alymkulov, Kermaly kyzy M.

Abstract
Introduction. At present COVID-19 pandemic is an acute and socially significant problem for the whole world population, which is explained by its scale, contagiousness, the insidiousness of the pathogen, and lack of effective preventive means (vaccine) and effective therapeutic ways to combat this infection. It is safe to say that one of the main parameters of Covid-19 pandemic evaluation is the psycho-emotional and psychological health of the population


PALLIATIVE PERCUTANEOUS TRANSHEPATIC INTERVENTIONS IN COMPLICATED LIVER ALVEOCOCCOSIS

Turar A. Yermekov , Shamil M. Chingyshpayev

Abstract
Introduction. The article presents the experience of transcutaneous transhepatic drainage of the decay cavity in complicated liver alveococcosis. This intervention was used in the complex of both palliative care and in the preparation of the patient for radical surgical intervention. The results of the treatment of 20 patients with complicated liver alveococcosis are reflected. The effectiveness of transcutaneous transhepatic interventions to facilitate patients' condition and/or prepare them for extensive surgical operations compared to open methods of drainage of alveococcal caverns has been shown.


RESULTS OF SURGICAL TREATMENT OF BENIGN ADRENAL TUMORS

B Bebezov1, T.A. Ermekov2, A. Kydyraliev2

Abstract
The results and analysis of  the surgical treatment of 48 patients with adrenal tumors operated from 2009 to 2018 are shown. The indication for surgical treatment of adrenal gland masses is the clinical manifestation of the tumor, its hormonal activity and the high malignant potential of the tumor. Of the 48 (100%) cases of benign adrenal tumors, in most cases adenomas of the adrenal cortex - 26 (54.0%) patients. Then pheochromocytomas - 11 (23.0%), adrenal cysts - 7 (15.0%), adrenal hyperplasia - 3 (6.0%) and myelolipomas - 1 (2%). The laparotomic approach is the most convenient, effective and sparing approach, which improves the patient's quality of life in the postoperative period than the thoracoabdominal and translumbar approaches.
Key words: adrenal tumor, adrenalectomy.


HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT AND STATE OF HEMODIALYSIS SERVICE IN AZERBAIJAN

Fariz G. Babaev ogly

Abstract
Currently, the most pressing medical and social health problem is the progressive growth of chronic renal failure. The organization and development of hemodialysis treatment in Azerbaijan is associated with the name of the founder of the school of urology, nephrology, hemodialysis and kidney transplantation in Azerbaijan, academician M.D. Javad-zade. For the first time in the USSR on March 4, 1958 with the participation of M.D. Javad-zade at the urology clinic of the second MOLGMI named after N.I. Pirogov, the first hemodialysis session was carried out in a patient with acute renal failure.


FREQUENCY AND POSSIBLE CAUSES OF BILIARY DYSKINESIA IN PATIENTS WITH BRONCHIAL ASTHMA IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

M.E. Asheraliev1, A.T. Alymkulov2, Gupta Richa2

Abstract
The article shows the essential component of biliary dyskinesia (BAD) frequency in a sample of patients with bronchial asthma. The data on dysfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract at the subclinical level of manifestations and a comparative characteristic external respiration functions between patients with DVP in the subclinical course and the period of remission are presented.
Key words: bronchial asthma, DVP, FVD, gastroduodenal pathology.