Eurasian Medical Journal

International Higher School of Medicine

ISSN 1694-8254

MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE SOMATOTYPE OF FOREIGN AND LOCAL STUDENTS

Nurgul K. Omuralieva1, Aigul A. Chonkoeva1

Abstract
Introduction. It is well known that one of the main criteria of health is the adaptive capacity of the body and physical development. The geoclimatic distribution of various populations in the usual living conditions leaves certain imprints on cultural traits, morphological and physiological characteristics of the organism's vital activity. 
The aim of this study is a comparative analysis of the characteristics of the somatotype in local and foreign students.
Materials and research methods. The students of the Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University (KRSU) and foreign students of the International Higher School of Medicine (IHSM) aged 18 to 19 served. The research was conducted in compliance with all ethical standards, with the consent of the respondents. To assess somatotypes, the centile method of scales according to the parameters of physical development was used. 
Research results. In 95 Indian students from IHSM (50 boys and 45 girls) and 30 local students from KRSU (15 boys and 15 girls) aged 18-19, anthropometric indicators were studied and morphometric indices were calculated, such as body mass index and index. physique. Comparative analysis of anthropometric indicators of local and foreign students showed that local students in all parameters have higher values, characterizing better physical development, compared with their foreign peers.
Conclusions
         1. The morphological indicators of local students are higher than those of foreign students.
         2. According to the degree of proportionality of the body among local students,            hypersthenics prevail, among foreign students asthenic body type, indicating insufficient physical development of the body.
Key words: Students, morphometric indicators, anthropometric indicators, body mass index, physique index.