ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
Zhanar Sabyrdilda, Ainur B. Kumar, Lyazzat Kosherbaeva
The World Health Organization named the goals for improving maternal health and determined the future direction of the and the Human Development Goals. Despite being expressed in the reduction of under-five mortality and high mortality rates, these causes fall short of achieving the goal.
Human health and well-being are determined by many complex factors. Maternal and child health encompasses the health and well-being of women, infants, children, adolescents and their families. Environmental factors have a direct impact on the health of various populations around the world, including maternal and child health as a result of exposure to chemicals in the air, water, soil, food and consumer products.
There are a number of climatic risk factors that directly affect maternal health, including extreme heat, air pollution, floods and hurricanes. Epidemiological studies linking exposure to adverse maternal and child health outcomes highlight the importance of environmental impacts on health. Identifying and reducing the impact of the environment on a pregnant woman is not only relevant for the health of a child, but is also important for maintaining the health of the mother in the short and long term.
Environmental health literacy should be promoted in our country within the framework
of the global concepts of "One Health" and "One World" not only for the health of the
population as a whole, but also for the maintenance of the environment and the planet.
Key words: environmental impact, air quality, environmental determinants of health, maternal and child health, global health.