THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPLEX THERAPY FOR THE REGENERATION OF POSTOPERATIVE WOUNDS (EXPERIMENTAL STUDY)
Summary: The study was carried out on 60 white Wistar rats, simulating a surgical wound. The rats were divided into 5 groups of 10 rats each. Group 1 is control - rats from this group were made an incision on the sidewall, abdominal wall, followed by natural healing within 10 days; Group 2 - an incision followed by the use of chitosan ointment; Group 3 - the wound was exposed to photostimulation treated with methylene blue; Group 4 - physical activity in the postoperative period on a treadmill for 30 minutes; Group 5 - complex application of chitosan, photostimulation, and physical activity. Wound healing was recorded by determining the area, photo-fixation of the wound, and histological examinations of the skin and internal organs were performed.
Outcomes obtained: The best wound healing according to planimetry and histological studies was significant observed in group 5 with the complex treatment of the surgical wound.
Conclusions: The rehabilitation complex for large surgical wounds should include previously local effects of physiotherapeutic procedures and physical activity.
Key words: surgical wound, rehabilitation, photomodulation, and physical exercises.