GLAUCOMA AS A SOCIALLY SIGNIFICANT EYE DISEASE AMONG ADULTS AND CHILDREN UNDER 14
Annotation. Introduction. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of irreversible vision loss, so it is one of the pressing problems of modern healthcare. According to WHO, glaucoma accounts for up to 5% of all ocular pathology. By 2020, the number of patients will increase to 5.9 million and 5.3 million will lose vision due to primary glaucoma. Among the causes of primary disability, glaucoma has remained stable at a fairly high level for many years, amounting to 20-28%. The aim of the study: is to conduct an analysis of the prevalence of eye incidence and its appendages, glaucoma in various age groups for the period from 2014 to 2018. The material of the study was the statistical data of the Republican Medical Information Center of the Ministry of Health of the Kyrgyz Republic from 2014 to 2018. Statistical method of investigation was used. Results and discussion. In this article, the author considered the dynamics of the prevalence of glaucoma in the Kyrgyz Republic. On the basis of a comprehensive analysis, trends in the incidence of diseases of the eye and its appendages, glaucoma among adults, adolescents and children of the Kyrgyz Republic, consisting in an increase in the indicator in 2015, 2017 and 2018, were revealed. The proportion of glaucoma from the total incidence of the eye and its appendages among adults and adolescents in the study years was on average 6.5%, among children under 14 years old - 0.2%. Output. During this period, there was a tendency to increase the incidence of eyes, its appendages, and in particular glaucoma in various age groups. Recommendations. It is necessary to strengthen measures for the early detection, medical examination of glaucoma patients, as well as information work among the population.
Key words: eye diseases and its appendages, glaucoma, disease dynamics, medical examination, prevalence.