COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FREQUENCY AND LEVEL OF ANXIETY DISORDERS AMONG RESPONDENTS LIVING IN KYRGYZSTAN AND KAZAKHSTAN DURING THE COVID -19 PANDEMIC
O. Zh. Uzakov, S.Yu. Komissarova, A.T. Alymkulov, Kermaly kyzy M.
Introduction. At present COVID-19 pandemic is an acute and socially significant problem for the whole world population, which is explained by its scale, contagiousness, insidiousness of the pathogen and lack of effective preventive means (vaccine) and effective therapeutic ways to combat this infection. It is safe to say that one of the main parameters of Covid-19 pandemic evaluation is the psycho-emotional and psychological health of the population
The aim. Evaluation of anxiety disorders in people living in Kyrgyzstan and comparison with population of Kazakhstan, under conditions of quarantine and state of emergency due to COVID-19 epidemic.
Materials and methods. This article presents the results of a survey of 832 people during the COVID-19 epidemic, quarantine and state of emergency. The questionnaire included questions concerning the detection of anxiety disorders according to the C.D.Spielberger scale. Because of quarantine measures and restriction for contacts between people, the survey was conducted by online questionnaire. Respondents were selected by random and continuous sampling.
Results. The results of the questionnaire showed that a high level of reactive anxiety prevails among representatives of Kyrgyzstan. In contrast, the majority of survey participants from the Republic of Kazakhstan had an average level of reactive anxiety.
Conclusions: The study showed that the development of the COVID-19 epidemic had a significant impact on the psycho-emotional state of young people aged 17-25 years.
Key words: respondents, coronavirus infection, anxiety disorders, reactive anxiety, personality anxiety, epidemic.